Regarding Major International Issues
at the 66th UN General Assembly Session
1. In accordance with its foreign policy priorities, during the 66th UN General Assembly session Kazakhstan will continue to work to strengthen and advance the Organization’s role in the prevention and settlement of conflicts and crises, in uniting the efforts of the international community to achieve sustainable development, in the prevention of and dealing with man-made and natural disasters, as well as in tackling other modern global problems.
2. Due to the political and economic dynamics in the modern world, the UN member states are facing challenges that are unprecedented in their complexity and scale. These challenges make it necessary to adapt the UN machinery and procedures to modern reality, rationalize it and make it more flexible and efficient in the face of a broad spectrum of global problems, threats and challenges.
Reforming the United Nations must be pursued in accordance with the UN Charter purposes and principles, based on the broadest consensus, and the reforms should take into account the needs of all member states of the Organization.
The General Assembly plays the central role as the main deliberative, policymaking and representative body of the United Nations. Here, more work needs to be done for further advancement of its role, authority and effectiveness.
The expansion of the United Nations Security Council should be done in two categories, both of permanent and non-permanent members. This must be accomplished on the basis of fair geographic representation and respect for sovereign equality of states. The reform must also bring a change in the Security Council working methods and improve its efficiency, transparency and accountability.
The current structure,
the rules and regulations of the United
Nations Secretariat do not meet the present needs of the Organization.
The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty is the basis of the nuclear non-proliferation machinery, which is why we are advocating for its further strengthening, expanding its universality and adapting it to the new reality.
We support the objectives of the countries which strive for the earliest drafting of a Convention on universal and complete ban of nuclear weapons. In this connection, we suggest, as a first step, starting work on drafting and approving a Universal Declaration of a Nuclear-Free World which would reflect the commitment of all states to advance consistently to the ideals of a world free from nuclear weapons.
We think that nuclear states should fulfill their obligations in accordance with Article VI of the NPT and eliminate completely their nuclear arsenals.
We urge all the countries of
the world and international organizations to mark the International Day of Action against Nuclear Tests, as provided in
the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 64/35 which was adopted at the initiative
We consider it important to observe the International Day annually both at the United Nations and in the world at large.
5. The entry into force in
March 2009 of the Central Asian Nuclear Weapon-Free
Zone (CANWFZ) Treaty became an important contribution to ensuring
international and regional security.
The official nuclear states are taking a long time to recognize the status of established nuclear-free zones and to approve the required protocols. In view of the above, we consider it necessary, without any delay, to start discussions on the international and legal status of nuclear-free zones. This status should provide for both the negative guarantees of security and certain privileges for the states - parties.
The states who volunteered to assume non-nuclear status should be both welcomed and encouraged in every possible way. Support in the form of providing them with negative guarantees will encourage other states to establish such zones.
We are ready for a constructive dialogue with nuclear
states with the aim of signing a protocol on negative guarantees with the states - parties to the Treaty of
We stand for establishing new nuclear-free
zones, including in the
6. We urge all relevant parties to start work on an international legally binding document whereby nuclear states would provide security guarantees to countries that do not have nuclear weapons.
We support the establishment of the Working Group at the Disarmament Conference for substantive discussions regarding the start of negotiations on the development of a universal, legally binding document regarding the guarantees to non-nuclear states. Such guarantees could effectively keep in check the aspirations of some non-nuclear states to acquire nuclear weapons, which they regard as a guarantee of their own security.
7. Negotiations on a Fissile Materials Cut-off Treaty should be started as soon as possible. Such a treaty will contribute further to non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. If the production of such materials is ceased, that will keep to a minimum the chance to develop illegitimate military nuclear programs, improve the monitoring of available material and minimize considerably the threat of nuclear terrorism.
Being the largest producer of uranium,
8. The events of 25 years ago at the Chernobyl (Ukraine) nuclear power plant and those of 2011 at the Fukushima NPP (Japan) require further measures to be taken by the international community in order to be able to take coordinated actions in the event of serious disasters at facilities using nuclear energy and fissile material for peaceful purposes to minimize potential negative effects.
Since the human demand for energy in growing, people must develop the nuclear energy industry. In this connection, IAEA should develop an emergency control system assessment program and international nuclear safety control mechanism paying more attention to assistance in developing safer technology in this area.
9. We share the concern of the international community related to illicit trade of small arms and light weapons (SALW) and support the recommendations contained in the United Nations Secretary General’s report on small arms. We believe that the United Nations should play a leading role in counteracting this threat. The time has come to develop legally binding international documents regulating SALW marking and tracing, ensuring an effective supervision of the UN embargo compliance, the implementation of the UN Program of action in the area of SALW and other current standards.
We welcome the efforts of the United Nations aimed at developing an effective Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). The treaty must become a legally binding international instrument reflecting the current obligations of the states with regard to international law.
10. We support the activities of the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific in pursuing measures to help strengthen confidence and advance the regional and sub-regional dialogue aimed at furthering disarmament and security in the region. We are committed to active cooperation in this field, including the issue of achieving the provision of negative guarantees to the states - parties to the Treaty of Semipalatinsk.
11. We consider it timely to convene the Fourth Special Session of the General Assembly on Disarmament where we could discuss specific ways to resolve the vital issues of strengthening strategic stability and a further limitation of the arms race.
In this connection, we believe it is necessary to convene the Open-ended Working Group which would work on the basis of consensus.
12. We are committed to international cooperation in the research and uses of outer space for peaceful purposes.
We proclaim our fundamental support of the activities of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space where we recognize the coordinating role of the United Nations in the use of space which is the common patrimony of all humankind.
We think it is
highly important that the Conference on Disarmament advance the issue of
developing a legally binding document on the prevention of the militarization
of outer space. We believe it is necessary to continue work to make progress on
13. We view the issue of the Security Council sanctions as a most important instrument in carrying out preventive measures. We give our full support to the idea of striving for more effective sanctions while minimizing their negative effects.
At the same time, we believe that the use of force should remain the measure of last resort in accordance with Article 51 of the UN Charter which may be used only if all political and diplomatic means to resolve a problem have been exhausted.
14. We have always have been consistent in our support of recent UN efforts to improve the efficiency of its peacekeeping activity. These efforts include field support system improvement, an increase of the number of women in peacekeeping missions, laying down conditions for a gradual transfer from peacekeeping to peace building during post-conflict settlement, since these are interconnected and mutually reinforcing actions in the interest of building long-term peace and stability.
We welcome consistent actions of the United Nations aimed at increasing its peacekeeping capability and strengthening peacekeeping elements aimed at rebuilding, providing support and assistance to the electoral process, assisting the population to overcome post-conflict difficulties in reconstruction.
16. We call for a resolution of the Palestinian problem on the basis of international law, including the Arab Peace Initiative and the relevant resolutions of the United Nations.
We support the efforts
of the Quartet on the
As the Chairman of
the OIC Council of Foreign Ministers,
We view as justified
the creation of the Palestinian state within
the 1967 borders that would co-exist in the conditions of peace and security with
17. We want to see an early stabilization of the situation in the countries of North Africa and the Middle East.
have become a reflection of a dire social and economic crisis in some countries
of the region. The peoples of
We make an appeal to end all hostilities in the region and we condemn the suppression of civil protest by force. The change should come on the basis of a peaceful and constructive dialogue between the interested parties, under the auspices of the United Nations.
We hope that all political forces with an influence over the situation in these countries will act responsibly and will take measures to ensure civil peace and accord.
18. We urge for an
immediate political and diplomatic settlement of the situation concerning
We welcome a
further dialogue between the international group of mediators and
The world community and the United
Nations should both play an active role in the political settlement and reconstruction
The leadership of
The Parliamentary elections in
20. The United Nations must use all its capabilities
and tools to resolve the long-standing
conflicts in the OSCE responsibility zone. As the 2010 OSCE
21. We are deeply concerned with the situation related
Kazakhstan has firmly condemned nuclear tests carried out on October 9, 2020 and May 25, 2020 since we believe that such actions do not augur well for achieving peace and confidence on the Korean peninsula while, at the same time, they could have serious consequences for peace and security in the Asian Pacific region.
At the same time,
22. We firmly condemn terrorism in all its forms and manifestations. To be effective in our fight against international terrorism we need a long-term, comprehensive approach which would provide for an active participation and cooperation of all UN member-states, in accordance with the UN Charter and norms of international law.
We continue to support the bi-annual high-level review meetings on the implementation of the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy adopted in 2006.
We highly value
the work of such international bodies as OSCE, SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organization),
CICA (Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in
23. We proceed from the premise that the United Nations is the only organization that has a comprehensive mandate and international support required for providing countries with effective assistance in the fight against transnational crime and the problem of illicit drug trafficking.
We recognize the importance of the UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Program in promoting effective measures on strengthening international cooperation in the entire range of the fight against these threats.
We confirm our commitment to assisting the United Nations in countering illicit drug trafficking and we actively use the potential of regional cooperation in the fight against Afghan drug trafficking. This is why we attach special importance to the activities of the Central Asian Regional Information and Coordination Center (CARICC) in Almaty for combating illicit drugs and their precursors, as well as to the cooperation with the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, including in the framework of the Paris Pact and the Rainbow Strategy.
We attach great
importance to the upcoming conference of the parties to the Convention to be
25. We support global partnership for development and seek to create a transparent, non-discriminatory and fair multilateral trade system that would promote growth and sustainable development.
In our view, more active and focused action to promote trade is an essential condition for attaining development goals set forth in the Millennium Declaration.
We think it is important to further engage all interested parties in such negotiations with a view to work out a mutually acceptable approach to the issues of expanding exports of goods and services, providing access to world markets and ensuring conditions for a closer integration of the developing countries and transition economies into the world trade system.
26. In our opinion, it is essential to seek the implementation of decisions and recommendations of major international forums on trade and development so that small and vulnerable economies could get certain advantages in accordance with agreements and international obligations.
We stand for harmonization of national and international actions and engagement of the private sector and civil society for advancing the achievements in attaining the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
We agree that innovative financing, as well as traditional sources of official development aid (ODA) are an important tool for the mobilization of resources to counter economic crisis and ease its effects for development.
27. We support the efforts of the international community to take urgent and effective measures aiming to stop the practice of using unilateral economic coercion measures unauthorized by the United Nations or taken in contravention of international law principles and the UN Charter, as well as the international trade principles, since such practice has general negative effects, primarily for the developing countries.
We are in favor of further discussing this issue at the 66th Session of the UN General Assembly.
28. We urge the international community to pay due attention to the issue of economic vulnerability of land-locked states, to provide them with equitable access to world trade markets and also give them full support in overcoming the barriers and problems related to their geographic location.
We view as positive the results of the comprehensive Midterm Review of the Almaty Program of Action. We are committed to the earliest and effective implementation of its provisions. In this context, advancing regional cooperation is an important element in implementing this Program.
We emphasize the necessity of coordinated efforts at all stages of development of transport infrastructure and trade systems.
We are firm in our striving for developing specific measures to create effective transit transportation systems with due regard for the linkage among transportation, international trade and economic growth.
29. We support the work aimed at achieving well-coordinated efforts to resolve the problems of global food security.
We will continue to seek further coherence of scientific data-based policy in support of more balanced and sustainable agricultural growth which creates opportunities for management at international, regional and local levels.
30. We realize that sustainable development is becoming a condition for future life on Earth. That is why we support the preparation process for the Conference on Sustainable Development “Rio+20”. As the Chairman of the 20th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, we will work hard on the preparation for the Rio+20 Conference. We believe that the development of “green” economy may help economic development of the countries without damaging the environment. Acting within the framework of the United Nations and the Rio+20 Conference, we intend to advance the Green Bridge initiative and the Global Energy and Environmental Strategy. We are ready to continue taking an active part in the work on sustainable development in the regions of the European Commission for Europe (ECE) and ESCAP.
There are some environmentally dangerous
zones in our territory such as the Aral sea and the former Semipalatinsk nuclear test site. Within the framework of the 66th Session of the UN General
Assembly we call for the support of the resolution “International Cooperation
and Coordination of Activities to Rehabilitate the Population and Environment
and to Ensure Economic Development of the Semipalatinsk Region in
We welcome the results of the High-Level Meeting on Youth held in New York on July 25-26, 2011 and the inclusion in the outcome document of the recommendations on setting specific indicators for implementing the World Program of Action for Youth adopted in 1996.
Currently, Kazakhstan is working on the ratification of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. We plan a gradual implementation of the provisions of the Convention with the aim of ensuring social integration and full participation of people with limited capabilities in the life of society.
We support the highlighting of issues of ageing and respecting the rights of the elderly as a separate area of UN activities. The establishment of the Open-Ended Working Group on Ageing will help work out the recommendations on developing strategies to ensure the protection and better social status of the elderly.
33. We are committed to our obligations on attaining the Millennium Development Goals and we are consistently working on the implementation of the Program of rapid industrial and innovation development called the Strategic Development Plan Kazakhstan-2030.
As Kazakhstan has already attained some original MDGs, such as the reduction of poverty, access to primary education and gender equality in secondary education, the government undertook some commitments in the MDGs Plus agenda. These are additional targets adapted for Kazakhstan and based on the analysis of our national priorities, national statistics, relevant government programs and experience of other countries.
34. We pay particular attention to the issue of empowerment of women and achieving gender equality. During the negations in different forums we try to take into consideration cross-cutting gender perspectives in the work of the United Nations. As a member of the first Executive Board of UN Women, Kazakhstan aims at strengthening its leading role, in particular, by approving and implementing its comprehensive Strategic Plan for 2011-2013 intended to overcome the most difficult problems on the way to achieving gender equality.
35. We view the topic Women, Peace and Security as one of the priority themes. It will help strengthen the measures for the maintenance and consolidation of peace and security to satisfy the needs of women and ensure their equal participation and full engagement in mediation and negotiations, all aspects of maintenance of peace, provision of humanitarian aid and post-conflict reconstruction. We support the work of the Special Representative of the Secretary General on Sexual Violence in Conflict. We think it is important to finalize the trigger mechanism on assessing the situation in conflict regions with due regard to the Security Council resolutions on the subject of gender at all stages of the peace process.
36. As a member of the Executive Board of UNICEF, the leading international organization for the protection of children, we work to introduce country programs that would reflect real needs on the ground, to attract additional financial flows and to secure stronger strategic partnerships in the interests of children. We welcome the Global Strategy for Women’s and Children’s Health launched by the Secretary General in September of 2010, in particular by supporting national health care plans, providing integrated services and searching for innovative approaches to financing.
37. The state bears the primary and exclusive responsibility for ensuring the access of the population to healthcare; it must not allow financing of this social development area on the “what is left” principle. Those countries that are in need have every right to get assistance in this area from UN specialized agencies and funds. Based on that, we welcome the convening of the High-level Meeting on Non-Communicable Diseases (September 19-20, 2011, UN Headquarters).
38. We want countries and international partners to intensify their efforts in the fight against HIV/AIDS. We support the policy of achieving “Three Zeroes” by 2015 approved in the Outcome Document of the High-Level Meeting on HIV/AIDS (June 8-10, 2011, UN Headquarters). We think it will be hard to implement this ambitious program containing specific indicators of progress; however, we also think it is essential in order to reverse the expanding world epidemic.
39. Strengthening cooperation in countering natural disasters and destruction under the general guidance of the United Nations must remain one of the priority tasks of the Organization.
We welcome the positive work of the United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund and we think it necessary to enhance the cooperation and interaction among UN agencies, other international organizations and national governments in preventing the dangers and overcoming the consequences of natural disasters. At the same time, we are convinced that humanitarian response must not undermine the foundations of providing assistance or to contradict the basic principles of respect for sovereignty of the affected countries or their territorial integrity.
We support further consistent and comprehensive strengthening of the role of the United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) as the guarantor of the preservation of the civilian nature of humanitarian assistance. The government of Kazakhstan is providing assistance to the deployment of the OCHA regional office in Almaty and its subsequent activities.
We welcome the
upcoming opening in Almaty of the Regional Office of the International Disaster
Reduction Strategy for the countries of
40. We are convinced that if we are to be more effective in providing humanitarian assistance to the population in need, we must work towards strengthening humanitarian capacity at all levels, primarily, at the national and local levels. In this connection, we stand for a smooth functioning of the Central Emergency Response Fund as an important tool for ensuring predictable, adequate and timely financing of international humanitarian operations.
41. We stand for a strict and unconditional compliance with the imperative principles of international law designed as a foundation of modern world order. We also support the efforts of the international community aimed the resolution of important current issues on the basis of international law.
42. We view as a priority area the issue of human rights along with the issues of sustainable development and international peace and security. We believe that human rights should never be viewed as a tool of exercising pressure or achieving political ambitions. The principles of impartiality, transparency and non-politicization declared by the United Nations when dealing with this theme must be implemented in practice and should help establish a result-oriented dialogue where states would undertake specific obligations in the area of human rights and then work to implement them.
We should work to build up the authority of the United Nations Human Rights Council and make full use of the potential of the Universal Periodic Review and the Special Procedures. We view the HRC 2011 review as an opportunity of a further revitalization of the work of the Council.
43. We believe it
is necessary to give a new momentum to eradicating the causes and minimizing
the consequences of the escalation of racism,
racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. We attach great
significance to the High-level Meeting in
commemoration of the 10th Anniversary of the
44. We note the
significance of inter-faith dialogue as a basis for bringing together the
positions of countries on the issue of the
defamation of religions. We stand
for a more active search of mutually acceptable relations for the elimination
of religious intolerance and making it synonymous with unlawful and subversive
activities. In view of
We believe that an open intercultural and inter-faith dialogue helps strengthen peace and security; therefore, our country will continue to implement our initiatives on promoting tolerance and accord in the international arena.
The Congress of Leaders of
World and Traditional Religions has become an indispensable
and effective element of the global inter-faith dialogue in the modern world.
At the same time, the Congress plans to give the role of the conceptual
platform for dialogue to the Council of religious leaders the establishment of
which will be discussed during the 4th Congress on
We note significant progress
in the work of the
We call upon all states to ratify, as soon as possible, the international treaties related to human trafficking, including the Convention on Transnational Organized Crime and the three Protocols thereto.
47. We support the
activities of the Office of the United
Nations High Commissioner for Refugees at all levels, in particular, in view
of the deteriorating situation in the North of Africa and the
We support the efforts intended to intensify and develop cooperation between such regional organization as OIC (Organization of Islamic Cooperation), OSCE, SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organization), CSTO (Collective Security Treaty Organization), CIS and EEC (Eurasian Economic Community) with UN organizations and agencies.
We advocate the
use of the platforms of the United Nations and regional organizations for
implementing preventive diplomacy for the
prevention of the emergence of destructive conflicts based on a
comprehensive analysis of obvious and hidden threats of conflicts, as well as
on tolerance and accommodation.
In Astana we managed to resolve an issue that had been discussed for a long time, namely, the setting up of the Permanent and Independent Human Rights Committee along with the approval of its Charter and criteria for its activity which became an important event for the democratic development of Islamic world.
will also be priority issues for
During its term as
the Chairman of the OIC Council of Foreign Ministers,
50. In view of our interaction with the United Nations for almost 20 years and our understanding of the role of the Organization for further development of Central Asian countries, we make an appeal to support our initiative to set up a regional center for multilateral diplomacy in the territory of our country. This will contribute to advancing the efficiency of 19 offices of UN organizations, programs, funds and special agencies located in Almaty, most of them having the status of regional or sub-regional organizations. The joint ECE-ESCAP office for North and Central Asian countries that is expected to open in 2011 could contribute to the activities of this center.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs