GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE ORGANIZATION
The complex discharge of international processes in 60's - the first half of the 70's has led to the convention of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) . Within its framework, in 1975 in Helsinki , 33 nations of Europe, the United States and Canada signed Final Act , and the declaration of principles of relations between states has become its core. Having overcome the trials of the Cold War, the CSCE has become a universal mechanism of cooperation based on common values shared by both the West and East.
With the collapse of the socialist bloc and the Soviet Union, post-Soviet states and countries emerging on the territory of former Yugoslavia joined the CSCE. As a result, at present there 56 members in the Organization, and its area of responsibility extends far beyond the geographical limits of Europe .
During the Summit in 1990 Paris Charter of for a New Europe was adopted, which summed up the Cold War. Charter recorded the creation of institutions of the CSCE (Council of Foreign Ministers, the Permanent Council, the Forum for Security Cooperation, the Parliamentary Assembly, the institution of the Chairman, Secretariat, ODIHR and others) which systemized the work of the CSCE.
As a consequence, in 1994 at the Budapest Summit was decided to transform the CSCE from a negotiating forum into a permanent organization and rename it since 1995, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) .
At the Istanbul Summit in 1999 Charter for European Security was adopted. During the same summit 30 members of the Organization signed an Agreement on Adaptation of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe .
Since the 2000's OSCE has entered into a new stage. the adaptation of the agenda for the new challenges and threats, including those in the context of the events of September 11, 2020 h as begun.
At present stage, the Organization continues to pay close attention to the fieldwork, where more than 3000 of its international and local staff in 18 missions are working together with the host countries of Southeast Europe, Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia , providing a presence on the field. This type of cooperation does not have analogues.
Thus, we can conclude that the OSCE during its thirty-five years history was an important forum for political dialogue at the highest level. The organization focuses on a wide range of issues, including arms control, preventive diplomacy, confidence-building measures and security, post-conflict resolution, economic and environmental security, human rights, election monitoring.
Traditionally OSCE focuses on a number of regional problems ("protracted" conflicts).
OSCE activities carried out within the so-called three "baskets" : politico-military dimension (first) ; economic and environmental dimension (second) and humanitarian dimension (third) . They also emphasize non-military aspects of security (new threats and challenges) , which traditionally tend to be the first "basket" (comprising the whole so-called "hard security") , and interdimensional activity .
The special status of the OSCE lies in the fact that, on the one hand, its solutions have political, but legislative nature, which gives organizations flexibility. On the other hand, the OSCE has characteristics of an international organization, such as: standing bodies, headquarters and institutions, staff, financial resources and ramified field presence.
OSCE bodies are divided into decision-makers, advisory and executive. The first one includes:
Summit, which brings together Heads of State and Government (it is assumed that they should be convened every two years, however, the last of the OSCE Summit held in Istanbul in 1999) ;
- Ministerial Council (MC) is held annually in the country – Chairman of the OSCE (usually in late November - early December) ;
- Permanent Council (PC) consists of permanent representatives of member countries at the organization's headquarters in Vienna and meets at least once a week. Before the meeting in order to approve the agenda Preparatory Committee is being held;
- Economic and Environmental Forum (divided into two parts and held annually in January and May, in most cases - in Vienna and Prague ) ;
- Forum for Security Co-operation (FSC) - meets weekly in Vienna to discuss and make decisions regarding military aspects of security in the OSCE area, in particular confidence - and security-building measures (CSBMs) . Several major countries have a special permanent delegations ( in particular the U.S. and Russia ) , the rest are at the level of Deputy Permanent Representatives.
Advisory bodies include the Parliamentary Assembly, which meets three times a year: in summer (June-July) - The plenary session, as well as winter and autumn session.
The main executive body is the Chairman-in-Office (CiO) . CiO assumes full responsibility for executive functions of the Organization, based on the work of other executive bodies, including the field missions and the presence of the OSCE, as well as on advices of the outgoing and incoming Chairmen (together they form a "Troika" of the OSCE) .
The institution of annually rotating Chairman-in-Office (CiO) was found in 1992 at the Ministerial Council in Stockholm . The post of Chairman-in-Office is held by the minister of foreign affairs of the participating State which holds the chairmanship. A Resident Representative of the chairing state, having the rank of Ambassador, coordinates the work of the OSCE Permanent Council, whereas a Deputy Resident Representative manages the Preparatory Committee.
Chairman-in-Office runs the Organization, co-ordinates the work of OSCE institutions and interacts with leaders of OSCE participating states, as well as with other international organizations. The Chairman-in-Office also provides the political direction of Summits and Ministerial Councils. The OSCE Economic and Environmental Forum and regular Forum for Security Co-operation are administered by CiO. The Troika supervises the OSCE Mediterranean and Asian Partners for Co-operation .
The Secretary General and Secretariat lends the CiO an expert, consulting, technical and other assistance. Taking into account the annual rotation of chairmanship, the Secretariat secures continuity and maintenance of institutional retention, closely cooperating with the CiO.
The OSCE Secretary General (SG) acts as the Organization's Chief Administrative Officer. He is appointed by the Ministerial Council for a period of three years, which may be renewed for a further term, and is in charge of the Secretariat (located in Vienna ) . The role of the Secretary General is to manage the executive structures and operations of the OSCE. Marc Perrin de Brichambaut of France is the current Secretary General, having been appointed in June 2005. His appointment was extended in June 2008.
A Memorandum on Modality of Co-operation between the Chairman-in-Office and Secretariat aimed at a better coordination is traditionally signed before the beginning of the chairmanship. With the aim of initiating co-operation, the OSCE Secretary General paid an official visit to Kazakhstan in July 2009. The MFA Task Force on OSCE Chairmanship is planning to visit Vienna in autumn of this year in order to give a briefing in the OSCE Secretariat.
The OSCE Secretariat, headquartered in Vienna and having offices in Prague, comprises the Office of the Secretary General, Conflict Prevention Center (CPC) , Strategic Police Matters Unit (SPMU) , Action against terrorism Unit (ATU), Anti-Trafficking Assistance Unit, Office of the Co-ordinator of OSCE Economic and Environment Activities, Training Section and Department of Management and Finance.
The Chairman-in-Office is also responsible for general political administration of the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (established in 1990) , High Commissioner on National Minorities (1992) , OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media (1997) . The chiefs of the institutions are directly subordinated to the Chairman-in-Office. However, they are independent enough, which often complicates the work of the CiO.
The CiO is enabled to appoint Special and Personal Representatives. Currently, there are eight of them:
Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings (established in December 2003 following the decision made at the Ministerial Council in Maastricht ) ;
three Personal Representatives to Promote Greater Tolerance and Combat Racism, Xenophobia and Discrimination (Personal Representative on Combating Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians, Muslims and Anti-Semitism, appointed for the first time in December 2004) ;
Personal Representative of the Chairman-in-Office for Article IV of Annex 1-B of the Dayton Peace Accords (since 1996) ;
Personal Representative for the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh (since 1995) ;
The Head of High-Level Planning Group (since 1994) ;
The OSCE Representative to the Latvian-Russian Joint Commission on Military Pensioners (since 1995) ;
The Greek Chairmanship appointed four extra representatives for 2009:
Special Envoy acting on behalf of the CiO at a high-level;
Special Envoy on “protracted” conflicts;
Personal Representatives on the the OSCE Mediterranean and Asian Partners for Co-operation.
The priorities and program of the chairmanship are announced at the first session of the OSCE Permanent Council in the new year (in January). The Chairman-in-Office declares them at the Council of Europe and the UN Security Council. Traditionally, the Chairman-in-Office makes a statement at the annual United Nations Security Council thematic debates with regional organizations and at the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council.
As a rule, the coordination meeting of the OSCE Ministerial Troika in the presence of the Secretary General is held at the beginning of the year. The Troika sessions are regularly held in Vienna on the highest level. Regular joint sessions of the OSCE Troika and the EU Troika (held twice a year after the replacement of EU chairmanship) , as well as joint sessions of the decision-making structures of the OSCE and the Council of Europe (held once or twice a year in 2+2/3+3 format, with the participation of the chairing states, Secretary Generals and the Chairmen of Parliamentary Assemblies) form an effective instrument of inter-institutional cooperation on the highest level.
At the final Ministerial Council, a package of documents on various topics discussed during the year is adopted. Within the frameworks of the annual report, the OSCE prepares a report on the activities of the Chairman-in-Office.
PREPARATION FOR THE OSCE CHAIRMANSHIP IN 2010
A decision of the Republic of Kazakhstan to assume OSCE chairmanship in 2010 was made at the OSCE Ministerial Council meeting held in Madrid in 29-30 November 2007.
The coming chairmanship has become a priority area of Kazakhstan 's foreign policy.
In the light of the preparation there has been conducted thoroughly planned and integrated works of both organizational-logistical and informative character s.
In compliance with the Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan (? 602, May 27, 2020) there were established an independent Permanent Mission to the OSCE in 2008.
In June 2008 at the Foreign Ministry of the Republic of Kazakhstan there were created a special department of OSCE matters which will become “OSCE Task Force” - a key structural part to designate OSCE Chairman-in-Office and his team and to coordinate work with all OSCE institutions and member-countries.
There has been conducted consultations with state bodies of Kazakhstan , has been learned OSCE countries' opinions of different items of OSCE Agenda, has been forged relationships with think tanks in and abroad.
Previously in 2007 and 2008 on request of MFA to receive training diplomats and officials participated in internships at the OSCE, European training centers, and foreign ministries of nations that chaired the Organization. More than 80 people have completed training. They are MFA headquarters' staff, diplomats of Permanent Mission to the OSCE in Vienna and officials from line agencies of the Republic of Kazakhstan, and also specialized experts from kazakhstani state bodies (The Administration of the President, Central Election Commission, Agency for Civil Service Affairs, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Transport and Communications, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Ministry of Culture and Information, General Prosecutor's Office) .
Kazakhstan 's personnel training effort is ongoing in 2009 (nearly 9 training courses have been planned for 80 diplomats) . They are aimed at thoroughly study of separate directions, training courses for Kazakhstani “Task Force,” covering priority areas of OSCE operations, as well as team-building with the OSCE Secretariat, the ODIHR, other OCSE entities, and members of future Task Forces (Lithuania) .
On February 13 the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan imposed its Decree (# 149) “On some issues of the work of the Kazakh Government within the Troika of OSCE and on the post of OSCE Chairman-in-Office”. In accordance with the Decree there planned an establishment of a multiagency commission and adoption of other measures for the support of interaction among the central state powers to implement special “Plan of action 2009-2011 within the Troika and on the post of OSCE Chairman-in-Office” (approved by above mentioned Decree) and other tasks of Chairmanship of Kazakhstan in OSCE.
One of the serious tasks is bolstering of the nation's representation in the Organization's structures. Nowadays five Kazakhstani citizens are working in OSCE institutions and missions. In 2009, there exist preconditions to promote additionally four people. Among the important there are officials from line agencies at the Secretariat and the ODIHR.
In January 2009, a citizen of Kazakhstan was appointed to the post of Acting chairman representative on combating intolerance and discrimination against Muslims (Hon. Adil Akhmetov, Deputy of the Senate of the Parliament of Kazakhstan ) . This fact is important in the context of long-term priority of strengthening intercultural concord, which promoted by the Head of State.
In August 2009, Kazakhstani diplomat Zh.Assanov was appointed Deputy Head of OSCE Office in Minsk .
Until the end of the year there expected to decide the appointment of special and personal representatives of Acting Chairman on different issues. According to the existing practice, mandates of some personal representatives appointed formerly will be prolonged, while other posts will need new appointments, primarily for Kazakhstani citizens.
Since January 1, 2009, Kazakhstan has been a member of OSCE's governing “Troika” and in this role on March 17; the country participated in the first joint meeting of OSCE and EU Troikas.
The meeting demonstrated high relevance of the OSCE-EU consulting mechanism, which will assume an even greater significance in 2010 when Kazakhstan , being a non-EU country, takes the chair.
As a Troika member, Kazakhstan has assumed the leadership of the Group for Cooperation with OSCE's Mediterranean partners ( Algeria , Egypt , Israel , Jordan, Morocco , and Tunisia ) .
From October 1 2009, Kazakhstan assumed chairmanship in the Advisory Committee on Management and Finance. Kazakhstan , in its capacity of the would-be Chair, will become involved in the Organization's 2010 budgeting process well in advance to implement the following tasks:
finalize new contribution scales;
achieve closer linkage between annual budgeting and medium-term program planning.
For this reason, Kazakhstan involved to establishing program benchmarks in advance. This has come to be our “know-how,” on which OSCE fund managers have placed high value.
Starting the fall of 2009, Kazakhstan became a chair of the OSCE's Economic and Environmental Forum. In this context, the Forum's first event was held on 12-13 October 2009 in Astana. It is determined by calendar cycle in this dimension, which is traditionally “shifted” towards the beginning of the chairmanship.
PRIORITIES OF THE KAZAKHSTAN CHAIRMANSHIP
Drawing out the priorities is a separate area of the preparatory work of Kazakhstan to the forthcoming Chairmanship.
Traditionally, each new chairmanship provides the continuity of work of the previous Chairman-in-Offices, sequence of realization of initiatives and tasks of the Troika, preservation and strengthening of principles and OSCE standards, as well as the observance of budgetary requirements and organizational planning.
At the same time, each chairmanship promotes national and regional interests, paying attention to their conformity to the OSCE general agenda.
Thereby, the priorities should be a flexible combination of national interests with the OSCE agenda and actual needs of the entire OSCE community.
We are speaking of those activity areas, where the OSCE has a corresponding experience, potential and perspectives for development, aimed at excluding the redoubling of other organizations' activity.
Foreign policy agency of Kazakhstan conducts purposeful work on the elaboration of concrete priorities in each area of the OSCE activity. The priority is given to that spheres of activity of the Organization, the strengthening of which Kazakhstan may promote using its geopolitical position, social, economic, and political development, a foreign policy position.
Thereupon, it is quite logical that priorities of Kazakhstan will result from recognized achievements of Kazakhstan , such as the contribution to strengthening interethnic and inter-confessional tolerances, regional safety, non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, role of the country in the solution of problems of power and food safety. The outlined problems are equally topical for the majority of the OSCE state-participants.
The world community highly estimates the contribution of Astana into global and regional security, non-proliferation activities, normalization of situation in Afghanistan , combat against terrorism, counteraction to religious extremism, promotion of dialogue between civilizations, cultures and religions.
The country is characteristic of tolerance to the world cultural and civilization diversity, equal dialogue, respect to the interests of each other and mutual benefits, as well as to harmonious cooperation between human rights, security, and development. These qualities will become demanded assets of Kazakh diplomacy in the realization of powers of the OSCE political leader.
It is natural that the Kazakhstan 's Chairmanship will bring the attention of the OSCE member states to the solution of vital problems of Central Asian region.
MILITARY-POLITICAL AND NON-MILITARY ASPECTS OF SECURITY
One of the global topical questions (therefore, among the OSCE participants) in this sphere is counteraction to new challenges and threats (combat against terrorism and extremism, organized crime, drug trafficking, and other kinds of illegal trafficking ) . The efforts of Kazakhstan as the OSCE Chairman, along with activities of the outgoing and incoming chairmanships, will be aimed at stabilization of continuity. The OSCE stability, especially in the central Asian region, will objectively become the core subject of the above outline aspect.
During the Chairmanship Kazakhstan should make efforts to realize a thesis declaring the OSCE should play positive role in the process of post-conflict rehabilitation of Afghanistan , strengthening its borders on perimeter of central-Asian member states of the Organization, as well as assisting to the proper administration of state bodies . Stabilization and reconstruction of Afghanistan are becoming an indisputable strategic imperative and an unconditional field of consensus.
Combating different types of trafficking may put the aspect of counteraction to proliferation of dangerous materials and weapons of mass destruction in the rank of priority tasks. Namely, the fact is supported by the new initiatives of President Obama concerning nuclear security and the US intention to implement the decision made lately by the UN on the regional level. The agreements achieved between the presidents of the USA and Russia during the April G20 Summit on the elaboration of new treaty concerning contraction and restriction of strategic offensive arms instead of the SNF treaty may also give an extra sense and impulse to the work of Kazakhstan Chairmanship in the outlined field.
The mentioned aspect is of great importance for Kazakhstan , due to the incontestable contribution of the country and its leader to the disarmament process. Taking into account the OSCE activity and military-political priorities being outlined by the Troika Forum for security cooperation, rotation of which is exerted in accordance with quarterly schedule by the French alphabet, serious attention will be paid to the above-mentioned problem in the course of the Chairmanship. Kazakhstan will chair the FSC in the end of 2011.
Obviously, a conceptual issue of the future European security will be of paramount importance. In 2008, the Russian federation suggested elaborating the Treaty on European Security, which would become a legal obligatory document in the military-political area. However, a number of member states see the elaboration of the document of the kind in the spirit of wholesome and indivisible security. On the initiative of the Greek Chairmanship the first unofficial Ministerial meeting took place in June 2009 in Corfu, where it was decided to start the so-called “ Corfu process” in order to achieve consensus concerning future European security based on the open, broad and longstanding discussions.
Kazakhstan , as an incoming Chairman, is one of the key constitutive parts of the work. It is Astana which is to take the main responsibility for realization of the initiative in 2010.
ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT
During the last few years, low efficiency of the OSCE activity in the above area is a matter of concern for all the Participating states.
In compliance with the acting regulations, Kazakhstan is starting chairing the 18 th Economic and Environmental Forum (EEF) this year, which is a key event of the OSCE activity in the environmental sphere. One peculiar feature of the OSCE second “basket” calendar is its discordance with the chairmanship. The first preparatory Conference of the 18 th EEF took place in October 2009 in Kazakhstan , the other three parts will take place in other OSCE member states in 2010.
Creating favorable political conditions for realization of transit and transport potential is one of the goals of economic agenda of Kazakhstan . However, it should be noted that cooperation in transport area is one of the key issues of Kazakhstan 's relations with EU, the member states of which form the majority of the OSCE participants. This fact promotes the development of integrated partnership of Kazakhstan with both structures, including those in the frameworks of the “Path to Europe ” Program.
In connection with this, the Ministries and state bodies of Kazakhstan accommodated and submitted the draft subject of the 18 th EEF for approval in Vienna , which is “Promotion of proper management in border crossing area, improving safety of land transport and facilitating international highroad and railway service in the OSCE region”.
The subject includes several sub-subjects, meant for combining the existing approaches and being of interest for the OSCE member states. They comprise the better way of administration at the border crossing area; harmonization of national legislative acts on combating corruption; illegal migration and terrorism, development of public-private partnership; facilitation of trade, customs procedures and international (Eurasian) transport; development of infrastructure, transport and trade flows; combating illegal human, trafficking, arms and drug trafficking; container traffic safety; environmental security (transport of dangerous goods) ; introduction of new technologies.
The forum subject and sub-subjects are flexible and are exposed to continuous change. They take into consideration the provisions of the Address of the Head of state to the people of Kazakhstan for 2008 and 2009, as well of Transport Strategy of Kazakhstan for 2015, Almaty Program of the OSCE activity, the Decree of the Ministerial Council, adopted 11.06 in Brussels in 2006 and dealing with transport area, and other OSCE expert know-how.
In order to give an extra impulse for the second “basket” it is important to involve the OSCE experience in solving regional ecological problems, which have a global effect at the Aral Sea . From the beginning of the year Kazakhstan chares IFAS and is determined to activate its work. The problems of giving the IFAS status of the UN institution (starting from December 11, 2020 it has the status of the observer of the UN GA) , as well as stabilization of charter bodies (the Executive Committee) are included in the agenda.
As one of multinational states of the world, having significant number of ethnic minorities, during difficult years of transformation of social pattern and changes of economic relations, Kazakhstan , unlike other post-soviet states, has managed to keep peace, stability, and accord in society.
Kazakhstan exerts a suspended state policy, reviving and developing national and cultural diversity, having created all necessary conditions meeting the requirements of ethnic minorities and harmonization of international relations, which was more than once positively emphasized by specialized international organizations, including the OSCE High Commissioner on ethnic minorities. Measures taken for ensuring civilian, political, economic, social, and cultural rights of ethnic minorities conform to the international standards and serve as an example for other states.
The Assembly of People of Kazakhstan, established by the Decree of the Head of State on 1 March 1995, plays an important role. Today the Assembly unites all national and cultural centers and is a real mechanism of presenting interests of ethnic minorities to the state bodies. In May 2007, there were introduced amendments into the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan concerning applying the proportional election model and quota allocation for APK deputies, thus transforming it from consultative and advisory institution into the constitutional one. Therefore, the ability of ethnic groups to declare their interests in the highest legislative body was provided, which conforms to the Article 31 of Copenhagen Meeting of the Conference on the Human Dimension of the CSCE.
In this regard the promotion of tolerance and intercultural dialogue in the OSCE area is a high priority task of Kazakhstan chairmanship.
Kazakhstan 's gained unique experience in enhancement of the regional security and stability, in socio-economic development, in promoting tolerance and intercultural harmony, could assist OSCE to significantly enrich its experience and vision about the diversity of the modern world and the various ways of building an open democratic society.
Kazakhstan intends to ensure the involvement of the three Personal Representatives of AC OSCE for religious tolerance in the implementation of Kazakhstan 's initiatives .
By the initiative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Kazakhstan representative Adil Akhmetov was appointed to the post of Acting chairman representative on combating discrimination against Muslims.
The possibility of holding a comprehensive conference on the fight against intolerance in all three key areas (anti-Semitism, against Christians and Muslims) in 2010 under the aegis of a Kazakhstan 's chairmanship is being investigated.
The event could be devoted to review of the implementation of decisions of the OSCE Meeting on implementation of the commitments on tolerance and intercultural, interreligious and intercultural understanding development (Almaty, 12-13 of June 2006) and other meetings of the OSCE, as well become a follow-up of such foreign policy initiatives of Kazakhstan as a Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions and the Ministerial Conference "Common World: progress through diversity".
Kazakhstan, has been taking chair in the Group on Cooperation with the OSCE Mediterranean Partners (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia) in 2009, also had chosen tolerance as the theme for the primary and secondary activities of the Group.
There have been repeatedly sounded in the press about the general contours of the priorities of Kazakhstan 's chairmanship in the OSCE. However, as per tradition its official presentation will take place during the first meeting of the OSCE Permanent Council in January 2010.
KAZAKHSTAN 'S CHAIRMANSHIP OBJECTIVES
Kazakhstan 's forthcoming chairmanship in the OSCE has a historic and symbolic significance. Kazakhstan will become the first country of the CIS and Central Asia , as well as the first country with a predominantly Muslim population, taking chairmanship of the Organization.
It should be noted that the year of the chairmanship of RK is a landmark for the OSCE – it is 35-year anniversary of the signing of the Helsinki Final Act, the 20-th anniversary of the Paris Charter for a New Europe, 65-th anniversary of the end of the Second World War.
These dates give a good reason for serious analysis of the today's role of the OSCE and thinking about its future in the broader context of security and cooperation. Subject for enhancement of the OSCE efficiency remains in the focus of the member countries of the Organization.
Kazakhstan is interested in the OSCE. The presence of serious conflicts in the OSCE, which is now extremely difficult to replace as the organization, making a real contribution to the maintenance of security in the widest part of the Eurasian region and meaningful dialogue platform, was among the important objective factors of RK chairmanship bid.
Kazakhstan is a predictable, authoritative partner in the international arena, having vast resources of interaction with many states, including those, whose confrontation characterizes the current state of the OSCE. Kazakhstan participates in all regional structures of the Eurasian and the Caspian communities, while pursuing its own independent foreign policy, focused on national interests.
In its turn, the OSCE, being virtually the only pan-European organization, where Kazakhstan is a full-fledged member, has become a legitimate channel for broadcasting the national interests of Kazakhstan at the global level in international law, military-political, economic and humanitarian areas, in matters of international security.
In connection with the crisis, OSCE facing with, Chairmanship of Kazakhstan in the OSCE has an exceptional importance for it.
Kazakhstan will try to bring new impetus to the intention of the OSCE to respond to modern threats and challenges more dynamically and adequately.
Kazakhstan stands for the transformation of the OSCE activities in accordance with the interests of all its members and considers the forthcoming presidency as a good opportunity to give a "new breath" to the interaction of the participating countries of the Organization. This is not about setting unrealistic goals, breakthrough tasks or making any revolutionary changes. We are talking about ensuring positive dynamics in relations among states, in solving burning problems in the Organization area.
Activity of the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) is traditionally in a special focus of the Acting Chairman.
Kazakhstan keep good contacts with the Bureau and its leadership, taking into account many of the recommendations being given by the Bureau on various issues relating to its competence.
Kazakhstan stands for the preservation and strengthening of the mandate of the ODIHR. In matters of this area it is important for us to maintain an attitude of "honest broker", as well as firm attitude on alignment of dialogue among all parties, basing on the principles enshrined in the mandate of the ODIHR.
There will be a task before Kazakhstan , as OSCE chairman, to promote a meaningful dialogue between the Parliamentary Assembly of the OSCE and ODIHR, above all, in matters of election observation.
We believe that Kazakhstan work in the OSCE Troika in 2009-2011 can help to overcome the crisis and to find mechanisms to resolve existing contradictions, which is of great importance for the future of the Organization.
POSITIVE ASPECTS OF THE PRESIDENCY
By putting forward its candidacy for the presidency of the OSCE, Kazakhstan started from the need to promote recognition of the country outside of the Eurasian community, to make Kazakhstan articulated, meaningful part of the European space and of the continental processes.
One should not underestimate the fact that the status of the OSCE Chairman gives an opportunity for Kazakhstan's specialists to work on probation in the corridors of European structures and to get acquainted with the pan-European experience of diplomacy, including the ability to dialectically combine national, regional and global interests.
Chairmanship of the OSCE would not only give a possibility to take a look at the “internal kitchen" of the Organization, but also to impact on personnel matters in a highly competitive environment. Today Kazakhstan is represented at the three positions in the fieldwork and in four in the Secretariat and OSCE institutions. As the Chairman we will try to increase Kazakhstan 's representation in the staff of this international organization.
Intensive negotiations, meetings and consultations will also accumulate experience in overcoming the negative effects of the global economic crisis in the countries of the OSCE for its flexible implementation in Kazakhstan .
A decision on Kazakhstan 's chairmanship in OSCE in 2010 has prompted us to develop a special program "Path to Europe ". It reflects broader interest of Kazakhstan in cooperation with European countries in the humanitarian field, energy, transport transit, technology transfer and education. We perceive the European type of modern society as a kind of value that should be considered in the further development of Kazakhstan 's statehood.
The OSCE chairmanship is destined to have a strong patriotic impact on the country. One should realize the high international authority of Kazakhstan and of the President, which let the country chair the organization, embracing a huge territory from Vancouver to Vladivostok .
Except for political benefits, the OSCE Chairmanship is a unique opportunity to promote cultural and spiritual values not only of Kazakhstan and its people, but of the whole region.
In this respect, the OSCE Chairmanship is expected to display the creative potential of Kazakhstan to the European audience. The diversity of unique culture of Kazakhstan should become one of the powerful means aimed at creation and promotion of positive and prosperous image of the country, witnessing the high status and level of society development. In a society of the kind, a universal language of culture is available to anyone, regardless of nationality and beliefs.
During the chairmanship a number of concerts, exhibits of paintings, photos and other arts is going to be organized not only in the OSCE principal office in Vienna, but in the Warsaw, Berlin, Brussels, Hague and Prague offices as well.
All the above events will provide an opportunity for creating more effective conditions for extensive propaganda of national culture, as well as predetermine stabilization of mutually beneficial cultural and educational relations, getting the idea of tolerance and humanism over to the European audience.