Reform of the United Nations
The imperative for collective action: strengthening the United Nations
Kazakhstan believes that the reform of the three principal organs of the United Nations, the General Assembly, the Security Council and the Economic and Social Council, - in order to ensure a balance in their work and their mutual strengthening - is a matter of principle.
Revitalization of the General Assembly
The General Assembly should have a central position as the chief deliberative, policy-making and representative organ of the United Nations.
Kazakhstan notes certain progress in the efforts to improve the efficiency of the General Assembly and its methods of work. Yet we believe that this process should not replace the reforms that are aimed, first and foremost, at strengthening the authority of the General Assembly.
Reform of the Security Council
Kazakhstan has repeatedly voiced its continued support of the expansion of the Security Council in the categories of both permanent and non-permanent members on the basis of equitable geographical representation and respect for sovereign equality of states.
It would be preferable for Kazakhstan, as for many other states, if this reform will involve the working methods of the Council that have to be improved in order to enhance its transparency and accountability.
Reform of the Secretariat
Kazakhstan strongly believes that the Secretariat should be staffed with people who are the most suitable to perform tasks at hand. In this regard, it is very important to ensure that the measures to strengthen the Secretariat achieve their main goal - to improve its efficiency.
Establishment of a Human Rights Council
We share the view that it would be a mistake to treat human rights as though there were a trade-off to be made between human rights and such goals as security or development. In this context, comprehensive compliance by all countries with multilateral human rights treaties and adaptation of domestic legislature to the existing international standards in this area constitute one of the main factors of international peace and security.
Kazakhstan believes that the establishment of such a body should be taken on the basis of a broad agreement among all United Nations Member States.
Kazakhstan emphasizes the timeliness of the recommendation concerning the establishment of a Peacebuilding Commission (PBC). The Commission was established by the World Summit 2005 and operationalized by the General Assembly on 14 December 2020 (General Assembly resolution A/Res/60/180). The Commission's main task is the prevention of the recurrence of situations when lack of a peacebuilding strategy leads to an escalation of internal conflicts and to states losing further their capacity to perform, in an effective and responsible way, their sovereign functions.