Social & Economic Development
Millennium Development Goals
Kazakhstan believes that issues of development and related challenges involving timely and effective achievement of the Millennium Development Goals should continue to be the focus of attention of the international community. The view that the framework for a collective security system can be established through creating conditions for development of States is of special importance. It is encouraging to note that the outcome document adopted by the world Summit has reaffirmed that development is a central goal and that sustainable development in its economic, social and cultural dimensions is an important area of work of the entire United Nations system.
Full and early implementation of decisions and recommendations of the outcome documents adopted at multilateral conferences, held over the last five years in Monterrey, Johannesburg, Brussels, Almaty and Mauritius, is very important for the attainment of the development goals.
Kazakhstan actively contributes to the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals. National development priorities embodied in the national Strategy Kazakhstan 2010 and long- term vision of Kazakhstan 2030. Extensive economic and social reforms have already brought tangible results. The 2005 United Nations Millennium Development Goals Report in Kazakhstan indicates that our country has already achieved or is close to achieving the goals set for it.
Thanks to economic reforms, we have achieved macroeconomic stability. The average GDP growth rate has been at 10 per cent over the last 5 years. Kazakhstan has built a functioning market economy and attracted more than 40 billion USD in foreign direct investment. International experts have recognized the financial system of Kazakhstan as one of the most advanced.
In order to ensure sustainable social and economic development and make our country less vulnerable to unfavorable external factors, Kazakhstan has established a National Fund, which accumulates revenues from oil and gas exports.
Official development assistance (ODA)
Kazakhstan supports the Secretary-General in his urgent call on developed countries to establish timetables to achieve the 0.7 per cent target of gross national income for official development assistance by no later than 2015, starting with significant increases no later than 2006 and reaching 0.5 per cent by 2009.
Systemic issues such as the coherence in international development policy remains as an integral part of the collective efforts by the international community towards achieving commitments set forth in the Millennium Declaration. Close cooperation between UN and Breton Woods institutions, more active role of the regional and sub-regional organizations in the implementation phase will help to successfully achieve people-centered development approach.
Trade is an important source of finance and catalyst for development. An open, rule based and equitable multilateral trading system can play significant role in stimulating economic growth. Unfortunately the existing multilateral trading system is unbalanced against the interests of the developing countries and countries in transition.. We firmly believe that successful completion of the Doha round of multilateral trade negotiations will become a considerable contribution to the global efforts to alleviate poverty and ensure development.
The accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) is a priority task for Kazakhstan. We consider further liberalization of trade and WTO membership as a key element of the general development strategy of the country. In this context it has to be noted that our position on the future WTO membership is based on the need for our partners in the negotiations on the accession to the WTO to recognize such important factors, which characterize Kazakhstan's place in the global economic and trade system, as its status as a landlocked country and an economy in transition.
Landlocked developing countries
Kazakhstan firmly believes that the special needs of landlocked developing countries should be fully taken into account in accordance with the decisions and recommendations emanating from the Almaty Programme of Action (A/CONF.202/3,annex I) endorsed by the General Assembly in its Resolutions (58/201; 59/245; 60/208). Our country is committed to early and practical steps to advance the Roadmap for the Implementation of the Almaty Programme of Action.
To provide an impetus to the implementation of that Programme, the Government of Kazakhstan, acting together with the Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States, has organized a High-level Meeting on the Role of International, Regional and Sub-regional Organizations for the Implementation of the Almaty Programme of Action, held in Almaty from 29 till 31 March 2005.
That Meeting has resulted in a meaningful discussion of strategies for the establishment of an efficient transit transport system. We consider that the outcome of the Meeting is an important contribution to the implementation of the Almaty Programme of Action through enhanced partnerships with all stakeholders, including international, regional and sub-regional organizations (A/60/75).
Related statements on issues of LLDC: International Conference of Ministers of LLDC in Asuncion, 9 August 2005; Ministerial Meeting of LLDC, New York, 19 September 2005, General Assembly 60th session, 10 October 2005.
Regional integration is extremely important for social and economic development of countries. Kazakhstan continues to believe that regional cooperation, first of all South-South cooperation, and open borders, free of tariff and customs barriers, constitute a key to making economies more competitive. It is for this reason that Kazakhstan's foreign policy efforts focus on the establishment of a Union of Central Asian States proposed by the President of Kazakhstan. We are convinced that regional integration in Central Asia represents an important element of successful economic development of the countries of the region.