by Her Excellency Mrs. Byrganym AITIMOVA
Permanent Representative of the Republic of Kazakhstan
to the United Nations before the General Assembly
on agenda item 109:
“Report of the Secretary-General on the work of the Organization”
(New York, October 8, 2020)
At the outset, I would like to pay tribute to the Secretary-General for his comprehensive report on the work of the Organization, which covers multifaceted activities of all United Nations institutions.
Indeed, this has been a most challenging, crucial and fruitful year in the United Nations history. The Secretary-General and the Organization have taken bold and practical steps in several important areas, namely, security, peace-keeping, development, preventing climate change, promoting inter-religious and intercultural dialogue, as well as institutional reforms.
We are encouraged by the firm conviction of the Secretary-General that the United Nations must not shrink from the challenges and many pressing needs in the world today and we are strongly convinced that they can best be addressed collectively, through the world's only truly universal instrument, the United Nations.
At the 2005 World Summit, all Governments committed themselves to implementing comprehensive national development strategies to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. It is obvious, that the Millennium Development Goals can be achieved only through active engagement of the entire international community on the basis of partnership and cooperation. We fully share Secretary-General's opinion that we need to narrow the gap between aspiration and achievement and we commend his firm decision to make the Goals a central priority for the Organization.
Kazakhstan is committed to its obligations to reach the Millennium Development Goals and steadily implements long-terms development Strategy “Kazakhstan?2030”. This year we celebrate 10th anniversary of adoption this important for our country document, which determined main directions of social and economic development of Kazakhstan for a long-term period.
In 10 years of implementation the Strategy Kazakhstan has successfully completed the transfer stage and now steadily enters into a development stage of new quality. The Government's major task in economic policy consists in country's joining the Top-50 most competitive world economies within the upcoming decade.
Climate change and sustainable development. Conservation of climate on our planet is a problem affecting the interests of all mankind and of every nation. We share the view of the Secretary-General, that overcoming climate change will contribute to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, alongside the wider sustainable development goals agreed at the World Summit in 2005
Kazakhstan takes concrete measures to tackle the environmental problems at national and regional level. We work on establishing a Eurasia Water Center – a major science and production association that would develop break-through technologies of water management and tackle environmental problems of watersheds in the region. Besides, a Solar Center for Renewable Resources and Sources of Energy - the first in Central Asia—is to be established.
Kazakhstan is fully aware of its share of responsibility for ensuring a global energy balance and security. To promote further diversification of energy delivery to consumers and also to provide assurances to energy producers, Kazakhstan proposes to adopt a Eurasian Pact on Stability of Energy Delivery.
A global solution to climate change will require a global response and we attach great importance to international discussions of post-Kyoto regime. Kazakhstan welcomes and fully supports the process of negotiations that are to continue in Bali at the 13-th Conference of Parties to the UNFCC later this year.
Conflict prevention and peacemaking. International peacekeeping operations under the auspices of the United Nations remain the most efficient tool to prevent and settle crises and ensure global and regional stability. Kazakhstan firmly supports UN peacekeeping activities and efforts to strengthen the Organization's peacekeeping capacity.
Speaking of Asia, we have to mention the issue of the establishment of a continental arrangement of preventive diplomacy. That has become possible due to the implementation of Kazakhstan's initiative to convene the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA), declared by the President of Kazakhstan during the forty-seventh session of the General Assembly in 1992.
Today, the CICA process brings together 18 states and a number of observer states and international organizations. Time has proven the relevance of the CICA process, within which a political dialogue among Asian states is gaining momentum. We also appreciate the establishment at Ashgabat (Turkmenistan) of a United Nations Regional Center for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia and express our readiness to closely cooperate with the Center and our neighbors in order to strengthen regional capacities for conflict prevention.
Combating terrorism. The threat of terrorism to international peace, security and development remains a pressing issue for the international community. We support efforts of the international community aimed at developing practical measures to strengthen security mechanisms and improve legal instruments to have better coordination of anti-terrorism cooperation. Kazakhstan attaches great importance to establishing the international legal base that would allow for efficient and quick response to terror attacks and their timely prevention. To this end, we encourage Secretary-General to take measures to facilitate soonest finalizing of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism.
Kazakhstan attaches importance to the strengthening of regional and sub-regional cooperation to combat terrorism as well as the role of regional organizations and forums to eliminate this threat. To this end, Kazakhstan highly appreciates efforts of such international bodies as Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), CICA, and Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), which make a significant contribution to actions of the international community aimed against international terrorism.
Disarmament and non-proliferation. Kazakhstan shares high expectations, expressed by the Secretary-General, that the Conference on Disarmament would be able to make a break through in multilateral disarmament diplomacy solving long-standing disagreements over its program of work. We believe that preserving this forum is the responsibility of the whole international community.
Kazakhstan believes that the conclusion of a Fissile Materials Cut-Off Treaty (FMCT) is essential for nuclear disarmament and the prevention of the proliferation of nuclear weapons. We believe that the start of negotiations on an FMCT will be a significant step towards nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation.
History chose that man made his first flight into space from the territory of Kazakhstan and we are strongly convinced that space, as the common heritage of humankind, should be used only for peaceful purposes. Therefore, we support the initiative of the Russian Federation and China to elaborate a legally binding instrument on the prevention of an arms race in outer space and on the threat or use of force against space objects.
Humanitarian affairs. We believe it is important to increase coordination and cooperation of UN bodies, other international organizations, and governments on the national level in order to prevent and overcome consequences of natural disasters for the sake of saving many people's lives. In this regard, we attach particular importance to the establishment by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) of Central Asian Disaster Response Coordination Centre in Kazakhstan.
In general, delegation of Kazakhstan welcomes the Report of the Secretary-General on the work of the Organization. However, taking into account that issues of gender mainstreaming and equality as well as empowerment of women gain increased attention and importance in international agenda, we would like to see in the future reports of the Secretary-General more detailed and comprehensive information and analyses devoted to these issues.
In conclusion, I would like to stress, that eventual success in attaining our objectives in the field of security, development and human rights will be assured only through the close coordination and support from all members of the international community and Kazakhstan will responsibly and actively participate in all major UN activities.
Thank you for your attention.